X-ray appearance of calcification of patent ductus arteriosus is?
A) Y shaped
B) Inverted Y shaped
C) V shaped
D) Inverted V shaped
Correct answer: B) Inverted Y shaped
Calcified patent ductus arteriosus
Calcification of patent ductus arteriosus
Inverted Y shape is the characteristic appearance of calcified patent ductus arteriosus in a Chest X-ray, PA view.
Detection of calcification is important in the management.
In cases without calcification, triple ligation is done, which is a closed heart procedure and does not require cardiopulmonary bypass.
But this procedure cannot be performed if calcification is present.
A calcified ductus requires ligation and division with cardiopulmonary bypass.
Read more about calcification of patent ductus arteriosus: https://cardiophile.org/calcification-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus/
Image credits: Based on Figure 1 in Large calcified patent ductus arteriosus; Tomcsányi J, Somlói M, Bózsik B, Farbaky Z. Large calcified patent ductus arteriosus. International Journal of Case Reports and Images 2011;2(6):20-22. (http://www.ijcasereportsandimages.com/archive/2011/006-2011-ijcri/005-06-2011-tomcsanyi/ijcri-00506201155-tomcsanyi-full-text.php). Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) .