Which of the following is the most common presenting symptom of non cirrhotic portal hypertension?
A. Chronic liver failure
C. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding
Correct answer : C. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding
Acute gastrointestinal bleed is the most common presenting symptom of extrahepatic portal hypertension.
Which of the following is not a common feature of Anorexia Nervosa?
A. Binge eating
C. Self perception of being ‘fat`
D. Under weight
Correct answer : A. Binge eating
Binge eating is a common feature of bulimia. It is rarely seen in anorexia nervosa.
Smoking is not a risk factor for development of?
A. Small cell carcinoma
B. Respiratory bronchiolitis
D. Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia
Correct answer : D. Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia
Smoking is a known risk factor for small cell carcinoma, respiratory bronchiolitis and emphysema.
Mycotic abscesses are due to:
A. Bacterial infection
B. Fungal infection
C. Viral infection
D. Mixed infection
Correct answer : B. Fungal infection
Mycotic aneurysm is an aneurysm infected because of:
A. Fungal infection
B. Blood-borne infection (intravascular)
C. Infection introduced from outside (extravascular)
D. Both intravascular and extravascular infection
Correct answer : D. Both intravascular and extravascular infection
The source of infection in a mycotic aneurysm can be intravascular or extravascular.
Which of the following is least likely to cause infective endocarditis?
A. Staphylococcus albus
B. Streptococcus faecalis
C. Salmonella typhi
D. Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Correct answer : C. Salmonella typhi
Infective endocarditis is a rare complication of Salmonella typhi infection.
Sudden cardiac death may occur in all of the following except:
A. Dilated cardiomyopathy
B. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
C. Eisenmengers syndrome
D. Ventricular septal defect
Correct answer : D. Ventricular septal defect
VSD is the best answer among the options given
All of the following are true for mitral valve prolapse, except:
A. Transmission may be as an autosomal dominant trait
B. Majority of the cases present with features of mitral regurgitation
C. The valve leaflets characteristically show myxomatous degeneration
D. The disease is one of the common cardiovascular manifestations of Marfan’s Syndrome
Correct answer : B. Majority of the cases present with features of mitral regurgitation
Features of Mitral valve prolapse:
Majority of patients are asymptomatic
Some present with non specific chest pain, dyspnoea, fatigue or palpitation
Myxomatous degeneration of heart valves is seen (mostly mitral valve)
Autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance
Prominent cardiovascular manifestation of Marfans syndrome
Mitral regurgitation can occur as a complication due to rupture of chordae tendinae or failure of papillary muscles
All of the following may be seen in patients of cardiac tamponade except:
A. Kussmaul’s sign
B. Pulsus paradoxus
C. Electrical alternans
D. Right ventricular diastolic collapse in echocardiography
Correct answer : A. Kussmaul’s sign
Kussmaul’s sign is seen in constrictive pericarditis.