Q-1. Last to putrefy in male is
The organ show putrefactive changes in the following order:
Larynx and trachea
Stomach, intestine and spleen
Liver and lungs
Kidney and bladder
Prostate and uterus (Prostate resists putrefaction for a very long time and the virgin uterus is the last organ to putrefy)
Skin, muscle and tendon
Q-2. Cutis anserina is seen in
c) Lust murder
Cutis anserina or goose skin or goose flesh is produced by the spasm of the erector pilae muscles and can occur in living or immediately after death when the skin comes in contact with cold water.
It is also produced rigor mortis of the erector muscles.
It is rarely seen in India, as the water is usually warm.
Q-3. Paltauf’s hemorrhages are seen in
b) Fire arm injury
Paltauf’s hemorrhages in drowning:
The alveolar walls may rupture due to increased pressure during forced expiration and produce hemorrhages which when present sub-pleurally are called Paltauf’s hemorrhages.
Paltauf’s hemorrhages are shining, pale bluish red and usually present in lower lobes of lungs.
Q-4. Dirt collar is seen in
a) Fire arm entry wound
b) Fire arm exit wound
c) Both of the above
d) None of the above
Answer: Fire arm entry wound
The skin is abraded around the entry wound due to rubbing of the gyrating body of the bullet against the inverted epidermis and heat of the bullet.
A black colored ring grease or dirt color (Bullet wipe soiling) is seen as a narrow ring of skin lining the defect and is sharply outlined.
Q-5. Definition of rape is
a) Intercourse with a girl other than wife 16 years of age
b) Intercourse with wife below 16 years of age
c) Intercourse with wife against her consent
d) In intercourse with a prostitute
Answer: Intercourse with a girl other than wife 16 years of age
The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013:
The age of consent in India has been increased to 18 years, which means any sexual activity irrespective of presence of consent with a woman below the age of 18 will constitute statutory rape.
Section 370 of Indian Penal Code (IPC) has been substituted with new sections, 370 and 370A which deal with trafficking of person for exploitation.
A new section, 376A has been added which states that if a person committing the offence of sexual assault, “inflicts an injury which causes the death of the person or causes the person to be in a persistent vegetative state, shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than twenty years, but which may extend to imprisonment for life.
- Kunkel’s test is done to demonstrate presence of -----in blood
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning:
Diagnosis can be made by Spectro-photometry and estimation of COHb.
If facilities are not available, Kunkel’s test may be done. A few drops of 3% tannic acid are added to patient’s blood diluted 1:10 with distilled water; the appearance of a crimson red coagulum indicates the presence of COHb.