For differentiating Inguinal hernia and femoral hernia the landmark will be -
3.Inferior epigastric vessel
The landmark for differentiating b/w femoral hernia and inguinal hernia is the pubic tubercle.
Inguinal hernia (Indirect) : The neck of the sac lies above and medial to the pubic tubercle.
Femoral hernia : The neck of the sac lies below and lateral to the pubic tubercle.
Inferior epigastric vessels is landmark for differentiating b/w direct & indirect inguinal hernias.
MC type of hernia in males → Indirect inguinal hernia
More common on Rt side
MC type in females → Indirect inguinal hernia (not femoral hernia)